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Chicago Style


It's very important to cite your sources. Just remember that anything you read or watch (yes, even online) was created by someone. You may never meet them, but it's still good to give them credit for their work! Citing your sources boosts your credibility, helps people track down your information, and prevents you from plagiarizing. 

Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style (sometimes abbreviated CMS or CMOS) is another common standard system for documenting sources and formatting research. It is frequently used in history and social studies classes, as well as for others in the humanities. Chicago style often features footnotes for the in-text citations, as well as a Bibliography at the end of a paper or project.

A sample book citation in Chicago style, as it would appear in the Bibliography, looks like this:

Atwood, Kathryn J. Women Heroes of World War II. Chicago, IL: Chicago Review Press, 2011.

A footnote citation for the same book would look like this:

1. Kathryn J. Atwood, Women Heroes of World War II (Chicago, IL: Chicago Review Press, 2011), 9.

Take a look at the following resources to help you with using Chicago style citations and bibliographies. There are also more resources in the box on the right.

Harding Chicago Style Quick Guide - This one-page document will give you a quick overview of Chicago Style and present examples of how to use it in creating footnotes and a bibliography. This is a great place to start.

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) Introduction to the Chicago Manual of Style - This page offers an introduction to the Chicago Manual of Style. It covers the differences between Notes and Bibliographies. It also links to examples of Chicago style papers, presentations, and posters.

Citation Machine - This website can help you create bibliography entries for your sources in a variety of styles, including the Chicago Manual of Style. Make sure you select the correct type of source (book, website, etc.), add in as much information as you know (author, publication date, etc.), click "Make Citation," copy the generated citation, and paste it onto your bibliography page.

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